Making Photos and Pictures of Wolves in the Wild


How to Photograph Wild Wolves

Wild Wolf Photos are the most prized images in any wildlife photographers portfolio. To make great wolf photos the photographer must do more than just being in a location that has a good wolf population. Success in making fantastic wolf photos requires the photographer to know not only wolf behavior but also have a current working knowledge of the local patterns. The wolf photos in this gallery represent the product of the hundreds of days and the thousands of hours I have spent in the quest for great wolf photos. I hope you enjoy viewing my wild wolf photos as much as I feel honored by these cunning predators allow me the opportunities to try to capture the spirit of the wolf in my photos.

To learn more about Wolf Photography and creating great wolf pictures check here

Jess Lee's National Geographic Cover

National Geographic Cover Wolf Picture. Photo by Jess Lee. Yellowstone Wolf in the Wild.

Last of the Druids, Yellowstone Wild Wolf Photograph.
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Wolf howling inYellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
302 Wolf  Yellowstone Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Grand Teton National Park Winter Wolf Photo
Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming
 A picture of a  lone yellowstone  wolf testing a herd of Bison to see if any of the Bison are injured or sick on the shore of Yellowstone Lake in winter.
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Picture of a Wolf hunting in winter
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Closeup Picture of a Winter Wolf
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Wolves in the winter howling. Picture of a Wolf pack
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Picture of a Wolf in winter with Yellowstone geyser
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Picture of a Wolves howling in winter snow.
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the river
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Winter Wolf hunting
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Wolf walking to photographer
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Yellowstone Photography print-Picture of a white Wolf in winter
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Picture of a wolf roaming in Denali National Park in Alaska
Denali, Alaska
Picture of a Wolf on a riverbank
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Yellowstone Wolf in Winter
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Jess Lee's National Geograph cover photo of a howling wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a wolf prowling in Alaskan tundra during autumn.
Alaska | USA
Picture of a Wolf and grizzly
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Winter Wolf eyes
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Wolf in a stream
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Two wolves in winter overlooking Elk Antler Creek
Yellowstone | Wyoming
 Lone Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Yellowstone Wolf pup in Winter with snow
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the meadow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Photo of Winter Wolf pack in the Snow Howling in Yellowstone National Park Fine Art Print.
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Yellowstone Winter Wolf  pack in the Snow
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Yellowstone wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Black Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a black Wolf approaching
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Wolf on the Firehole River
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
White wolf, Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow THE WHITE WOLF
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow at night
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf hunting
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf climbing a log
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf pack in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf playing in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow and trees - Yellowstone
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Wolf hunting in Alaskan tundra
Alaska | USA
Winter Wolf in the Snow watching photographer
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Wolves pack howling in the snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf walking in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf howling in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Wolf Hunting
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow and forest
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snowy forest
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Wolf on the Gibbon River
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow on a ridge
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter White Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf pack howling in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow and trees
Yellowstone | Wyoming
 Wolf trying to kill bison calf
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
5 Winter Wolf howling in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Wild wolf walking in the snow-covered forest.
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow running
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow hunting bison
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow white
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Winter Wolf in the Snow
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Yellowstone wolf #1-2
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of solo hunting Wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Hunting Yellowstone Wolf in winter fine art photography print
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Picture of 302 the Casanova Wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of howling wolves
Yellowstone | Wyoming
picture of hunting wolf pack
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a Gray wolf staring
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of steaming wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a wolf on a log
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of black Wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of forest Ghost Wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
picture of black Wolf staring
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Picture of a passing wolf
Yellowstone | Wyoming
Grand Teton
Grand Teton
Yellowstone wolf on ridge
Yellowstone | Wyoming

Photographing for the Wolves

My early years as a wildlife photographer were driven by a desire to see the end of the rapid loss of wildlife, especially the loss of the large predators that had been happening since the colonization of North America. By the late 1960's the grizzly was severely in danger of extinction in the lower 48, the wolf was all but extinct south of Canada, bald and golden eagle were rarely seen, and Trumpeter Swan populations in the Yellowstone eco-system were in trouble. With all of this in mind, I found no lack of serious work to be done.

Since I live in the Yellowstone eco-system many of these subjects could be found nearby. Bears were difficult, the population was low and still recovering from the elimination of the famous roadside beggar bears so I spent as much time as I could in Alaska photographing inland Grizzles. Wolves were a different matter, I had seen a few in Glacier on the Canadian border and twice in the high country along the continual divide between Idaho and Montana, but the chance to photograph them was slim. Conservation and wildlife publications were regularly contacting me for photos to help promote the growing efforts to reintroduce wolves in the lower 48. In my search for wolves, I came across a person who owned several and had used them in a couple of the popular wildlife TV shows on PBS. I checked with the editors I had worked with and they were ok with photographing captive animals to promote the cause. With the motivation to help the reintroduction of wolves I became a captive wolf photographer, not exactly what I had planed for my wildlife photography career. My rationale was that it would be good for wolves in the long run, even though I was not thrilled with working with and seeing these wolves in captivity it was what I could do to help these animals return to their natural habitat.

Thankfully after a long quest by many conservation organizations, the Wolf was reintroduced to the lower 48 states with populations in Yellowstone and Idaho. Those wild wolf populations soon grew to the point where they could be photographed wild and free. At that point, I knew that my going against what felt good and not photographing captive animals, in the end, provided a reward I didn't really expect when I found I could continue my wolf photography on exclusively wild wolves.

History of the reintroduction of Wolves

In January 1995, U.S. and Canadian wildlife officials captured 14 wolves from multiple packs east of Jasper National Park, near Hinton, Alberta, Canada. These wolves arrived in Yellowstone in two shipments—January 12, 1995 (8 wolves) and January 20, 1995 (6 wolves). They were released into three acclimation pens—Crystal Creek, Rose Creek and Soda Butte Creek in the Lamar Valley in Northeast East Yellowstone National Park. In March 1995, the pens were opened and between March 21 and March 31, 1995, all 14 wolves were loose in Yellowstone.[19]

Seventeen additional wolves captured in Canada arrived in Yellowstone in January 1996 and were released into the park in April 1996 from the Chief Joseph, Lone Star, Druid Peak, and Nez Perce pens. These were the last wolves released into the park as officials believed that the natural reproduction and survival were sufficient to obviate additional releases.[19][20] We have been researching and studying the impacts on the Yellowstone ecosystem since its re-introduction in 1995.

As the wolf population in the park has grown, the elk population, their favored prey, has declined. Prior to reintroduction, the EIS predicted that wolves would kill an average of 12 elk per wolf annually. This estimate proved too low as wolves are now killing an average of 22 elk per wolf annually.[33] This decline in elk has resulted in changes in flora, most specifically willows, cottonwoods, and aspens along the fringes of heavily timbered areas. Although wolf kills are directly attributable to declines in elk numbers, some research has shown that elk behavior has been significantly altered by wolf predation. The constant presence of wolves has pushed elk into less favorable habitats, raised their stress level, lowered their nutrition and their overall birth rate.[34]

Yellowstone wolf
Limited Edition of 50 Exclusive high-resolution Museum Quality Fine Art Prints. Wolf Pic copyright © Jess Lee

The wolves became significant predators of coyotes after their reintroduction. Since then, in 1995 and 1996, the local coyote population went through a dramatic restructuring. Until the wolves returned, Yellowstone National Park had one of the densest and most stable coyote populations in America due to a lack of human impacts. Two years after the wolf reintroductions, the pre-wolf population of coyotes had been reduced to 50% through both competitive exclusion and intraguild predation. Coyote numbers were 39% lower in the areas of Yellowstone where wolves were reintroduced. In one study, about 16% of radio-collared coyotes were preyed upon by wolves. Yellowstone coyotes have had to shift their territories as a result, moving from open meadows to steep terrain. Carcasses in the open no longer attract coyotes; when a coyote is chased on flat terrain, it is often killed. They feel more secure on steep terrain where they will often lead a pursuing wolf downhill. As the wolf comes after it, the coyote will turn around and run uphill. Wolves, being heavier, cannot stop and the coyote gains a large lead. Though physical confrontations between the two species are usually dominated by the larger wolves, coyotes have been known to attack wolves if they outnumber them. Both species will kill each other's pups given the opportunity.[35][36]

Coyotes, in their turn, naturally suppress foxes, so the diminished coyote population has led to a rise in foxes, and "That in turn shifts the odds of survival for coyote prey such as hares and young deer, as well as for the small rodents and ground-nesting birds the foxes stalk. These changes affect how often certain roots, buds, seeds, and insects get eaten, which can alter the balance of local plant communities, and so on down the food chain all the way to fungi and microbes."[37]

The presence of wolves has also coincided with a dramatic rise in the park's beaver population; where there was just one beaver colony in Yellowstone in 2001, there were nine beaver colonies in the park by 2011. The presence of wolves seems to have encouraged elk to browse more widely, diminishing their pressure on stands of willow, a plant that beavers need to survive the winter.[38] The renewed presence of beavers in the ecosystem has substantial effects on the local watershed because the existence of beaver dams "even[s] out the seasonal pulses of runoff; store[s] water for recharging the water table; and provide[s] cold, shaded water for fish."[39] Beaver dams also counter erosion and create "new pond and marsh habitats for moose, otters, mink, wading birds, waterfowl, fish, amphibians and more."[37]

Similarly, after the wolves' reintroduction, their increased predation of elk benefited Yellowstone's grizzly bear population, as it led to a significant increase in the growth of berries in the national park, an important food source for the grizzly bears.[40]

Yellowstone wolf
Two packs of wolves face off during the breeding season. This photo was used as the lead two-page spread in National Wildlife Magazine showcasing the 12 best photos the magazine had used in the past 40 years, during which time they had considered 400,000 photos. © Jess Lee

Wolf kills are scavenged by and thus feed a wide array of animals, including, but not limited to, ravens, wolverines, bald eagles, golden eagles, grizzly bears, black bears, jays, magpies, martens and coyotes.[37]

Meanwhile, wolf packs often claim kills made by cougars, which has driven that species back out of valley hunting grounds to their more traditional mountainside territory.[37]

The top-down effect of the reintroduction of an apex predator like the wolf on other flora and fauna in an ecosystem is an example of a trophic cascade.